IELTS Speaking Test 2022 Beginners Guide – Pattern & Tips

IELTS Speaking Test 2022 can be difficult, but if you know the exam pattern and magical tips it’s going to be a cakewalk for you.

In this article, we will discuss about exam pattern, parts of the exam, assessment criteria and some important tips to achieve high band scores in the test.

IELTS Speaking Test 2022 – Exam Pattern

The speaking exam is usually the final part of the test. There had been interruptions in conducting IELTS Speaking test 2022 due to Covid-19 but now things are coming back to normal. It is now being conducted as a face-to-face interview between an examiner and a candidate, and is recorded.

The examiner follows a standard structure and ask a series of questions pertaining to the test requirements. Moreover, the topics used in different parts of the test are chosen in a way that an average person can talk about them without having much difficulty.

The total time duration of the test is 11 – 14 minutes.

To test candidate’s spoken English proficiency, the test is divided into three parts :

IELTS Speaking Test 2021 - Pattern & Tips

IELTS Speaking Part 1

Firstly, the examiner greets the candidate and checks his Identity document. Then, the examiner will ask the candidate some general questions, for instance, about where you live, where you work, study, interests, home etc.

The Part 1 focuses on the ability to share personal information and opinions on everyday life.

There is no fixed quota and its upto the examiner to ask any number of questions. The Part 1 of the speaking test lasts for around 4-5 minutes.

IELTS Speaking Part 2

This part of the test is famously known as ‘Individual long turn’. The examiner will give candidate a task card (Cue Card) from a random pack of cards with some paper and a pencil to make some notes.

The candidate talk about his own experience relevant to the task for a continuous stretch of 1-2 minutes. The examiner will stop the candidate after the 2 minutes talk and may pose one or two questions related to the cue card.

The Part 2 lasts for around 3-4 minutes, including 1 minute preparation time.

This section mainly focuses on candidate’s ability to speak at a length on a given topic and therefore organising thoughts coherently

IELTS Speaking Part 3

The Part 3 of the test engages the candidate into an in-depth discussion with the examiner. The topic of the discussion links with the Speaking Part 2 and have more abstract questions.

It lasts for around 4-5 minutes.

This section test the candidate’s ability to express opinions and analyse general issues in a concrete manner.

Sample Speaking Test

IELTS Speaking Test – Assessment Criteria

Here, certified IELTS examiners assess the candidate’s spoken English proficiency based on following criteria:

Fluency & Coherence

The candidate is assessed on his ability to talk, link ideas and language together to form coherent and connected English speech. The fluency focus areas for the examiner are Speech rate and Talk continuity. In addition, the coherence is assessed based on sequencing of sentences, clear narration and use of linkers and conjunctions.

Grammatical Range

This criterion refers to the range and appropriate use of sentence structures. The length and complexity of spoken sentences are also carefully examined by the examiner.

Lexical Resource

The candidate will be assessed on his use of vocabulary and his choice of words. It is always advisable to utilise fillers and connectors to fill the vocabulary gap i.e the ability to circumlocute.


This assessment criterion checks candidate’s ability to produce comprehensible speech in order to fulfil test requirement.

How to get band 7+ in IELTS Speaking test 2022?

Pro tips (Part 1)

  • It is an opportunity for you to demonstrate your spoken English proficiency, so it’s better to give detailed answers rather than short ones.
  • It’s quite normal to feel desperate or nervous during the test interview, but do not show your desperation or nervousness to the examiner.
  • Listen carefully to the examiner and try to give relevant responses.
  • If you don’t understand any question, politely ask the examiner to repeat it.
  • If you fail to understand any words in the question, politely ask the examiner to briefly explain it.

Pro tips (Part 2)

  • In Part 2, carefully listen to the examiner as she reads out your topic.
  • You have to still talk about the topic, whether you like it or not.
  • Use the time to prepare few notes about what you are going to say in Part 2.
  • While you talk, you can briefly look at your notes to stay relevant to the topic.
  • Don’t worry about the time – the examiner will stop you after the time is up.

Pro tips (Part 3)

  • In Part 3, there are series of long turn questions but remember, examiner will assess your English and not your knowledge.
  • If you say things that are untrue of factually incorrect, Don’t worry you will not be penalised.
  • Try to speak without any hesitation as it may ruin your speaking.
  • Connect sentences and ideas logically so that there is smooth flow of conversation from both sides.
  • Be flexible and accurate in your choice of words during the test.
  • Idiomatic and paraphrasing language always add spice to your conversation. In short, always make use of it.
  • You can have 7+ band score if you go beyond basic vocabulary and use some less common words.
  • The complex sentences with subordinate clauses are MUST to put into test conversation if you are aiming high band scores.
  • Speak clearly and make use of stress, intonation and rhythm to pace your communication.
  • If you speak too quickly, you will be hard to comprehend for the examiner, which will affect tour test scores.
  • If you speak too slowly, you will overshadow your good pronunciation as there will insufficient connected speech.

About IELTS Speaking Pattern & Tips

“Speaking a language” is as important as writing, listening, reading it or perhaps even more important. IELTS speaking test 2022 assess the candidate on multiple fronts i.e vocabulary, grammar, lexical resources, fluency etc. so don’t take it for granted.

In conclusion, before few days from the test, try to replace your native language with English so as to build confidence and overcome the hesitation barrier.

I hope you find this article “Beginners guide to IELTS Speaking exam 2022 – Pattern & Tips” useful. If you have any doubts, please write down in the comment section below or mail us at

Wish you best of luck in your exam.

Happy learning !!


Rajit Kaushal is the co-founder and an active blogger at 'CIC Talks'. He is best known for his rich expertise in IELTS & Canadian Immigration🇨🇦. You can reach out to him at Instagram & Twitter.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.